Recent Topic


About Me

WhatsApp Conversations Cannot Be Used as Evidence Without Mandatory Certificate Under Evidence Act: Delhi High Court


WhatsApp Conversations Cannot Be Used as Evidence Without Mandatory Certificate Under Evidence Act: Delhi High Court

In a significant ruling, the Delhi High Court emphasized the necessity of adhering to the procedural requirements under the Evidence Act, 1872, for the admissibility of electronic evidence, specifically WhatsApp conversations. This decision has far-reaching implications for how digital communications are handled in legal proceedings.

The Case Background

The case in question involved Dell International Services India Private Limited and Adeel Firoz. Dell had filed an appeal against an order of the Delhi State Consumer Dispute Redressal Commission, which upheld a decision by the District Consumer Dispute Redressal Commission. Dell's appeal centered around the rejection of their written statement due to a delay in submission. They argued that the delay was caused by not receiving the complete set of complaint documents on time, a claim they supported with a screenshot of a WhatsApp conversation. However, both the State and District Commissions dismissed this evidence.

Legal Framework and Requirements

Justice Subramonium Prasad, who presided over the case, pointed out that the Evidence Act, 1872, mandates a certificate under Section 65B for any electronic evidence to be admissible in court. This certificate ensures the authenticity and integrity of the electronic record, making it a crucial component of the legal process. The absence of such certification renders the electronic evidence, including WhatsApp messages, inadmissible.

Analysis of the Court’s Decision

The court's ruling highlights the strict compliance required for presenting electronic evidence in legal proceedings. Justice Prasad noted that the WhatsApp conversations presented by Dell were not referenced in the State Commission's order, thus invalidating their consideration in the writ petition. Furthermore, the court reaffirmed that Dell had been served with the complete set of documents alongside the summons, leaving no justification for the delayed submission of their written statement.

Implications for Future Cases

This decision underscores the importance of following procedural guidelines when submitting electronic evidence in court. The mandatory certificate under Section 65B of the Evidence Act acts as a safeguard, ensuring that the electronic records presented are genuine and untampered. This ruling serves as a reminder to legal practitioners about the critical nature of compliance with statutory requirements for the admissibility of electronic evidence.

Broader Legal Context

The ruling fits into the broader legal context of how courts handle digital evidence. As electronic communication becomes increasingly prevalent, the legal system must adapt to address the challenges of verifying and authenticating such evidence. The requirement for a certification under the Evidence Act is a step towards ensuring that electronic evidence is treated with the same level of scrutiny as traditional forms of evidence.

Practical Considerations for Legal Practitioners

For legal practitioners, this ruling emphasizes the need for diligence in preparing and presenting electronic evidence. It is crucial to obtain the necessary certification to ensure that electronic records, such as WhatsApp conversations, are admissible in court. This not only strengthens the case but also upholds the integrity of the judicial process.


The Delhi High Court's decision reinforces the legal standards for the admissibility of electronic evidence, highlighting the necessity of adhering to procedural requirements under the Evidence Act. This ruling has significant implications for the handling of digital communications in legal proceedings, ensuring that such evidence is reliable and authentic. As electronic communication continues to evolve, the legal system must continue to adapt, maintaining rigorous standards for the admissibility of electronic evidence.

This case serves as a crucial precedent, reminding legal professionals of the importance of proper certification for electronic records, thereby safeguarding the integrity of the judicial process and ensuring fair and just legal proceedings.

Court Practice Community

WhatsApp Group Invite

Join WhatsApp Community

Post a Comment


'; (function() { var dsq = document.createElement('script'); dsq.type = 'text/javascript'; dsq.async = true; dsq.src = '//' + disqus_shortname + ''; (document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0] || document.getElementsByTagName('body')[0]).appendChild(dsq); })();